Blackheads are obstructed pores by oil and dead skin cells. The black color of these spots is not because of dirt, it is due to oxidation of oil and dead skin cells. There are different ways, remedies, and methods to remove blackheads. Everybody’s skin is different and everyone gets whiteheads and blackheads, Here are the best ways to remove blackheads and whiteheads.
1-Using Cleansing Products to remove blackheads
The choice of over the counter cleansing products will depend on your skin type. You may have oily, normal, dry, or sensitive skin. your forehead and nose may be oily, and at the same time, you may have dry cheeks.
Benzoyl Peroxide, Salicylic Acid, and Glycolic Acid
Two types of products are commonly used. benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid. These products can cause severe allergy, so if you find itching or redness on your skin, stop using these products. If you have sensitive and dry skin, you should go for products containing salicylic acid and glycolic acid. If you have normal skin, then you can go for products having benzoyl peroxide. But it can be harsh on your skin however it is more effective than salicylic acid. Irritation of benzoyl peroxide depends upon how much time you leave it on your skin, and its strength which is usually between 2.5 and 10%.
In addition to these two products, Alpha hydroxy Acid AHA is another option, it includes glycolic acid. It is very effective exfoliant that can remove dead skin cells. Be careful in sunlight, because the sensitivity of skin increases after using AHA in sunlight.
These three products are usually sold in the market as skin care creams or face washes, creams usually stay for a longer time on skin, so if you have sensitive skin better to use face wash than creams.
2- Natural Homemade Treatments for Blackheads
There are no scientific based studies which support homemade natural methods. These natural measures may or may not work, and could potentially harm your skin. Take advice from your dermatologist, aesthetician or skin specialist before applying any homemade treatment. You may use diluted versions of these solutions If you have more sensitive skin. You may read this article, how to get rid of blackheads naturally. Here are few more tips and tricks.
Egg White Mask
Proteins found in an egg is thought to be very useful for bacteria that causes acne. First of all separate egg white from egg yolk and apply this mask to your face, wash your hands before applying egg white to your skin. Place this mask in form of layers, let the first layer dry, then add another. You may apply 3-5 layers with tissue in between each layer.
Warm Honey and Blackheads
Honey has both anti-bacterial and antiseptic properties, it helps in skin infections and wound healing. As stated earlier, there is no study or proof that it can treat acne and blackheads. It may help in treating blackheads due to its stickiness. First of all warm up 2-3 tablespoon of honey in microwave or place jar of honey in warm water.When honey becomes hot to touch, apply it on your blackheads, let it dry for 10 minutes. After this, wash your face.
Before using boric acid formula, please consult your doctor, because there is no evidence that this product is good for your skin and acne. Boric acid has some antiviral and antibacterial properties, that is why some people use it for blackheads too.
Basically, it is an acid, mix half a tablespoon of boric acid with one and a half glass of hot water. Now apply this diluted solution on your face with help of face cloth.Wash your face after 15 to 20 minutes.
Epsom Salt and Iodine
These products can act as good exfoliant and help in removing dead skin cells. Mix four iodine drops with a teaspoon of Epsom salt. Stir the mixture for five minutes until all the salt has dissolved, when this mixture gets cool, apply to your blackhead area and let it dry. wash your face accordingly. Don’t let iodine on your skin for longer time, as it may cause hyperthyroidism
3- Using Blackhead Extractor Tools
Blackhead extractor is the best way of removing blackheads. Before using this tool it is essential to take steam to open your pores. Steam helps in loosening the pores, and with steam stickiness of blackheads is reduced. Take steam for at least 10 to 15 minutes. You may place towel on your head while taking steam. To soften your pores you may also place washcloth soaked in hot water over your face.
Using Comedone extractor tool
Remember one thing, never pop, pick, or squeeze your blackheads with fingers to avoid skin infection and inflammation. As mentioned above comedone extractor is the best method to remove whiteheads and blemishes. This tool is commonly used by professional dermatologists and aestheticians. You may use this tool at home without any risk. There are lot of videos on youtube about how to use a blackhead remover. All blackhead remover tools work on push and slide technique. After sterilizing the tool, clean your skin, place the loop end of tool over blackhead and press the tool gently until blackhead pop out of your pore then slide and pull your tool downward. Dont press your blackhead remover too hard, if your blackhead is too hard to come out, just leave it there, and treat it with a topical cream. Always clean your tools and skin before and after use.
Using Blackhead Strips
In market you may also find some different types of blackhead strips. This technique is just a temporary fix. If you are using strips, combine it with a good exfoliant. Before using strips, soften your pores for few nights with treatment cream. Blackhead strips can cause irritation and may damage your blood capillaries specially if you have thin and sensitive skin.
4-Consult Your Doctor
If you are unable to get rid of blackheads, simply consult your dermatologist for expert opinion and advice. Hopefully you will get good examination and best type of treatment from your doctor. Your prescribed medicines may contain benzoyl peroxide, as it is best anti-inflammatory agent and can help your acne. In most serious cases of acne, your doctor may prescribe you oral antibiotics as well.